Nation-Based Sovereign-Based Government

Knowledge Council passes the Knowledge College ToR – Restoring Our Inherent Right to Our Knowledge

November 12, 2019

Treaty 2 Territory – Tuesday 12 November 2019 at the most recent Knowledge Council, the Terms of Reference (ToR) for the Knowledge College (Accreditation) was reviewed, edited and passed. The Life Long Learning Circle and Lodge will be working with the Knowledge Council to move our self governing process forward.



We are born with the inherent right to knowledge. Transmission of knowledge begins in our first school, which is at home with our families. This transfer of knowledge has existed since time immemorial. Our ancestral way of learning is through storytelling and observation.

The Knowledge Holders are the elders of our member First Nations who are responsible for carrying and transferring inherent knowledge forward from generation to generation.  Our Knowledge Keepers are (keepers of the gifts) through ancestral teachings and ceremony. It is the Knowledge Holders who sanctioned a learner when progressing to the next level in learning.

Colonization interrupted this transfer of ancestral knowledge through the imposition of the residential school system. Our system(s) of education were replaced with the colonial system. We now understand that education was used as a tool for cultural genocide (TRC).

There are different ways of learning. We unearth our gifts through learning. We wish for everyone to discover their gifts and achieve a good life. In our traditional education system(s), it was our knowledge carriers who accredited us. Today, we require a document behind our names to provide us with this accreditation. We need these documents to live in today’s world. We must learn about who we are and where we come. To do this, we will restore our ancestral knowledge and our learning systems in a way that achieves balance with the Western society.


Restoring First Nation Learning systems must be:

  • Based on the students right to their culture, language and identity, and to a substantively equitable education that is appropriate;
  • Carried out in the spirit of reconciliation and collaboration among First Nations, the Government of Canada, and provincial and territorial governments; and
  • Supported through commitment, accountability, responsibilities; through fiscal arrangements and achievable learning outcomes.


  • Carry out engagements with our Local Nations, The Nation, Government of FNT2T;
  • Approve accreditation and certification with the Treaty 2 Territory and Government of FNT2T;
  • Support the Life Long Learning Lodge through our Anishinaabe teachings, rights and laws;
  • Review of the current educational partnerships;
  • Create an Life Long Learning (Education) Act and education system;
  • Create a Knowledge Circle for First Nation Life Long Learning to support education restoration and improvement;
  • Facilitate and support the creation of Laws within the Treaty 2 Territory;
  • Ensure adequate funding to support a First Nation learning system that meets the needs of First Nation learners and First Nations; and
  • Establish an accountability and reporting framework.

Last modified: November 13, 2019

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