Nation-Based Sovereign-Based Government

Sovereign Administration Through Our Circles

April 7, 2021

Treaty 2 Territory – This past year has been very difficult due to Covid-19; however, productive for the Government of FNT2T in practicing sovereign administration.  Two Governing Councils highlights the year. Summer Session – 3 September 2020 and Winter Session – 11 February 2021 gave further mandates to both governmental and administration keepers.

The Circles have shown some success through tasks and workplans. Each Circle Keeper submitted workplans for 2020/21, reported monthly throughout the year, and will complete an annual year-end report. Each Circle had its challenges not being able to meet in-person throughout the year doing their part in keeping our local nations safe, but worked hard to utilize technology and shift to virtual meetings.


Nation and Economic Development supported Local Nations in restoring their own governance structures. It aligns itself with respective Local Nations’ governance structures by working with Regional Offices and Local Nation Helpers. This year focused on first laws (constitutions). The Regional Offices conducted virtual engagement sessions weekly and monthly with Local Nation Helpers (LNH). LNHs were enrolled in the Life Long Learning Lodge’s training course: Governance and Nation Development. LNHs learned about Natural Law, traditional and modern ways to constitutional development.

Life Long Learning focused on the foundational research required in their workplan. Looking at life long learning as Treaty promise, education acts (laws) in First Nations, and Indigenous birth to school programming. At the same time, Life Long Learning completed a T2T Children’s book Binenshii and a T2T K-12 curriculum which consists of 13 booklets ranging from 50 to 80 pages in length focusing on identity, history, treaties, and Treaty 2. This is an important foundational step in education as an inherent right and a treaty promise.

Children, Families and Nation supports Local Nations with restoring jurisdiction over children and families in a way that enhances identity, culture, and language. CFN has been very busy this year with Canada’s Bill C.92. And law development continues along with the setup of solid operations. As of late, the process has been very productive in terms of engagement with each Local Nation through our Regional Offices and Local Nation Helpers. has been informing members on the process of drafting law with the FNT2T Women Council. Peacemaking has also been an influential support for CFN and all FNT2T Circles.

FNT2T’s mandate for Care and Protection of the Natural World stems from The Declaration of Collective Rights of the People of Treaty 2 Territory with Respect to Lands and Territory (The Declaration) and The Great Binding Law.

Care and Protection of the Natural World has been impeded by laws imposed by Canada and its Provinces. These Western laws have justified managing the lands and resources from outside of The Great Binding Law. Local Nations and FNT2T are implementing The Declaration and The Great Binding Law for the management and stewardship of lands and resources in Treaty 2 Territory. However, a multitude of tasks remain to be carried out in order to reverse, repair, and mitigate damage to the Natural World since the 1930 NRTA was unilaterally forced upon Local Nations and FNT2T.

Health and Well-Being supports the Local Nations through the restoration of our ways as a means to achieve balance in mind, body, and spirit; that is, the good life, Minoo-Bi-Maadiziiwin.

Our Anishinaabek enjoyed their ancestral way of life prior to settler contact. Our ancestral diet and active way of life brought balance of mind, body, and spirit. Natural Laws were in place for the protection and preservation of good health. Achieving the good life, Minoo-Bi-Maadiziiwin, was based on an environmentally balanced way of living through seasonal access to lands, resources, and water.

Many of our systems are damaged and fractured today due to colonization and acts of assimilation by Canada. Canada has apologized for the harm and trauma of residential schools. It says that it is committed to making amends for past wrongs to Indian Day Schools survivors. Reparations will continue with Sixties Scoop survivors.

Internal and External Relations supports Local Nations with their intergovernmental relations and responsibilities. This means FNT2T will assist Local Nations in restoring internal and external communications in a contemporary and diverse manner.

Our Anishinaabek had mechanisms that managed internal and external communications which recognized the importance of inclusion. These mechanisms were interrupted and replaced by the Indian Act band council system. FNT2T is implementing a traditional way of governance as a part of internal and external communications. Our I/R Relations has been busy preparing for the 150 years of Treaty 2 by building relationships with schools, towns, cities, and RM’s in the territory who have benefited from the making of Treaty 2.

Peacemaking means Aang-waa-misin (Peace), Mino-aani-gidoowin (Balance), Chi-sh-wi-ding (Harmony), and Chi-nah-ni-chi-kan (Natural Order) being maintained. This work includes a process that will work toward wellbeing, restorative, and healing ways to life.

Our Anishinaabek have legal traditions, and spiritual, natural and customary Onankonehkawinin. Traditional models of peacemaking are based on restoring peace, balance, harmony and natural order which works to reconcile a mutual understanding between two people or groups. The FNT2T has started the process to develop and implement a local and territorial peacemaking system.

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Last modified: April 8, 2021

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