Nation-Based Sovereign-Based Government

Justice and Peacekeeping

Justice and Peacekeeping means peace and balance is maintained in the Local Nations and Treaty 2 Territory through a justice system that includes peace officers, justice circles, centres/lodges, and restorative measures.

Society cannot exist without law. Justice and peacekeeping systems that were in place were forcibly interrupted by colonial settlers through the Indian Act and other laws or policies. The Report of the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry (1991) states “Aboriginal people form a far larger percentage of the inmate and probation population than they do of the general population of Manitoba”. A safe assumption can be made the situation has not improved and the percentage of Indigenous inmate and probation population has increased.

Traditional models of justice are based on restoring peace and balance which reconciles mutual understanding between two people or groups. Local Nations and FNT2T will develop and implement a local and territorial justice system.

Objectives of Justice and Peacekeeping:

  • Anishinaabe Law Development
  • Restore and build Local Nations and FNT2T traditional justice and peacekeeping systems including:
    • Restorative peacekeeping;
    • Wellbeing (healing) centres;
    • Enforcement;
    • Safety;
    • Search and rescue;
    • Replacement of courts with Local Nation and FNT2T Circles; and
    • Replacement of judges and lawyers with keepers and helpers
  • Contemporize and enforce Treaty 2 laws in the territory
  • Review and potentially appeal administrative decisions including parole, probation, diversion, post-sentencing and alternatives to incarceration and healing

Local Nations and FNT2T who are the Inherent Rights holders seek to create and restore a justice and peacekeeping system that provides prevention, preparedness, emergency response and post-event remedies. Today Local Nations require capacity to deal with justice and peacekeeping issues. 

The Justice and Peacekeeping Circle is working on:

  • assisting Local Nations circles;
  • capacity development;
  • implementation of restorative peacekeeping structure;
  • engagement sessions on restorative peacekeeping;
  • planning and managing a Wellbeing Centre/Lodge;
  • establishing a peacekeeping force; and meeting with Canada and the Provinces regarding restorative peacekeeping.


Allen Sutherland, Operations Keeper – 204.638.3797 Ext 1006

Regional Offices:

Darlene Woodhouse, Regional Office Pinaymootang – 204.638.3797 Ext 1010

Scott Lynxleg, Regional Office Dauphin – 204.638.3797 Ext 1009

Last updated – 26 June 2020

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