Nation-Based Sovereign-Based Government


Treaty 2 Territory – Peacemaking means Aang-waa-misin (Peace), Mino-aani-gidoowin (Balance), Chi-sh-wi-ding (Harmony) and Chi-nah-ni-chi-kan (Order) being maintained in the Local Nations and Treaty 2 territory through a peacemaking system that includes territorial and local nation circles, peacekeepers, wellbeing lodges, and restorative and healing ways of life.

Society cannot exist without law. Peacemaking systems that were in place were forcibly interrupted by colonial settlers through the Indian Act and other laws or policies. The Report of the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry (1991) states “Aboriginal people form a far larger percentage of the inmate and probation population than they do of the general population of Manitoba”. A safe assumption can be made the situation has not improved and the percentage of Indigenous inmate and probation population has increased.

Traditional models of peacemaking are based on restoring peace and balance which reconciles mutual understanding between two people or groups. Local Nations and FNT2T will develop and implement a local and territorial peacemaking system.

Our Peacemaking:

  • Anishinaabe Law Development to contemporize and implement Treaty 2 territory laws in the territory;
  • Restore and build Local Nations and T2T traditional peacemaking process that include:
    • Restorative peacemaking;
    • Wellbeing (healing) centres;
    • Peacekeeping;
    • Nation Safety;
    • Search and rescue;
    • Establishing Local Nation and FNT2T Circles; and
    • Establishing a system of keepers and helpers
  • Create administrative processes including parole, probation, diversion, post-sentencing alternatives to incarceration through wellbeing and wellness promotions.

Local Nations and FNT2T who have the Inherent Right to govern has created a Treaty 2 Territory Peacemaking Circle that provides prevention, preparedness, emergency response and post-event remedies. Today Local Nations require capacity to deal with justice and peacemaking issues. Local Nations and FNT2T is entering into agreements with other governments and nations to collaborate and support FNT2T’s objectives of Peacemaking.


Governing Council Niigaanii Chief Cameron Catcheway, Skownan Anishinaabe Nation

Chantel Barker, Circle Keeper – 204.638.3797

TBA, Policy Keeper – 204.638.3797


Ray Mousseau, Operations Keeper – 204.638.3797 Ext 1002 Direct Line: 431.977.0617

Danielle McGurry, Communications Keeper – 204.638.3797 Ext 1007

Earth Lodge:

Allen Sutherland, Lodge Keeper – 204.638.3797 Ext 1006

Renee McGurry, Development Keeper – 204.638.3797 Ext 1006

Last updated – 1 April 2022

Peacemaking PPT June 2, 2021


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